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#26 2022-09-21 20:33:30

Diesel_Dawg
FUCK YOU!
Registered: 2022-01-07
Posts: 3,029

Re: SG’s ideas about Jews and the transatlantic slave trade to America

Southern Gentry wrote:

Here are the names, locations, and details of more than two hundred Jews who controlled commerce and the slave-trade in early America during the colonial period (Source: The Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture https://brill.com/view/db/ejhc?language=en )

Hart Aaron, colonial American Jewish merchant and shohet (Jewish butcher) in New York City, died in 1777.

Jonas Aaron, colonial American Jewish merchant residing in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1703.

Abraham Isaac Abrahams, colonial American Jewish merchant, tobacconist, and distiller in New York City; moel for Congregation Sherith Israel.

Chapman Abrahams, colonial American Jewish merchant who operated in Albany, New York, Detroit, and Montreal. Escaped capture during the Pontiac uprising of 1762.

Emanuel Abrahams, colonial American Jewish merchant, tobacconist and distiller in Charleston, South Carolina.

Isaac Abrahams, colonial American Jewish physician in New York, Philadelphia and Baltimore during the 1700s.

Israel Abrahams, colonial American Jewish merchant and interpreter of Spanish and Dutch to the Court of the Vice Admiralty in Newport, Rhode Island in 1746.

Levy Abrahams, colonial American Jewish merchant in Savannah, Georgia.

Abraham Alexander, Sr., Revolutionary War officer, Freemason, and U.S. Customs House auditor in Charleston, South Carolina.

Moses Ambrosius, colonial American Jewish merchant, refugee from Recife, Brazil, who arrived in New Amsterdam in 1654 along with Jacob Barsimson and other Jews.

Joseph Andrews, colonial American Jewish merchant in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Michael Asher, colonial American Jewish shipping merchant, slave-trader, operating in Boston and New York in the 1700s.

Abraham Azuby, colonial American Jewish clergyman, arrived in Charleston in 1764, was the first paid rabbi in the colony of South Carolina.

Jacob Barsimson, colonial American Jewish merchant employed by the Dutch East India Company's colony in Recife, Brazil, arrived in New Amsterdam aboard the Peartree on August 22 1654.

Isaac Benedix, colonial American Jewish merchant and postmaster in Savannah and Charleston during the 1700s.

Saul Brown (originally Saul Pardo),colonial American Jewish merchant who applied to trade in New York in 1685. Head of the Beaver Street synagogue which served a congregation of 20 Jewish families.

David Bush - colonial American Jewish settler, Freemason, supported the colonial rebellion against Great Britain in Philadelphia and Wilmington, Delaware.

Matthias Bush - colonial Jewish merchant, land owner in Philadelphia. One of six Jews who signed the non-importation agreement of October 25, 1765, boycotting British goods in colonial America.

Solomon Bush, colonial American Jewish merchant in Philadelphia who was one of six Jews who signed the non-importation agreement of October 25, 1765, boycotting British goods in colonial America. During the Revolutionary War, he served as deputy adjutant general of the Pennsylvania State Militia and was  promoted to lieutenant colonel in 1779. A prominent Freemason, Bush was deputy inspector general of Masonry for Pennsylvania in 1781 and was a founding member of the Masonic Sublime Lodge of Perfection in Philadelphia.

Aaron Nunez Cardoza, colonial American Jewish merchant and tailor who settled in New York in 1750.

Isaac Nunez Cardoza, olonial AmericaJewish merchant who settled in New York in 1752, supported the colonial rebellion against Great Britain.

Joseph Carpelles, colonial American Jewish innkeeper in Philadelphia during the Revolutionary War.

Raphael Hayyim Isaac Carigal, Emissary of the Palestine Yishuv in Newport Rhode Island and New York City in the 1770s.

Jacob Coen, one of three Jews who on November 29, 1655, petitioned Peter Stuyvesant, the governor of New Amsterdam, for permission to trade on the Delaware River, claiming that under the act of February 15, 1655, they had received the consent of the directors of the West India Company to travel, reside, trade and enjoy the same privileges as other inhabitants. This petition was refused "for weighty reasons", but they were permitted to send two persons to the South River (subsequently named the Delaware) in order to terminate a trading expedition already entered upon.

Israel I. Cohen, colonial American Jewish merchant and slave-trader in Richmond, Virginia, in the 1700s.

Jacob Cohen, colonial American Jewish silversmith, commander of Virginia cavalry during the Revolutionary War.

Jacob I. Cohen, colonial American Jewish banker, Merchant and Freemason in Philadelphia and Richmond, supported the colonial rebellion against Great Britain.

Jacob Raphael Cohen, colonial American Jewish merchant in Philadelphia and New York during the 1700s.

Joseph Cohen, colonial Jewish American merchant located in Philadelphia during the 1700s.

Mordecai Cohen, colonial Jewish American plantation owner, slave-holder, Commissioner of Markets and Commissioner of the Orphan' House in Charleston, South Carolina.

Moses Cohen, colonial Jewish American merchant, shopkeeper and rabbi in Charleston, South Carolina during the 1700s.

Solomon Cohen, colonial postmaster and tax collector in Georgetown, South Carolina during the 1700s.

Lazarus David, colonial American Jewish merchant in Montreal during the 1700s.

Samuel David, colonial American Jewish merchant in Montreal during the 1700s.

Salvator Dandrade, one of three Jews who on November 29, 1655, petitioned Peter Stuyvesant, the governor of New Amsterdam, for permission to trade on the Delaware River, claiming that under the act of February 15, 1655, they had received the consent of the directors of the West India Company to travel, reside, trade and enjoy the same privileges as other inhabitants. This petition was refused "for weighty reasons", but they were permitted to send two persons to the South River (subsequently named the Delaware) in order to terminate a trading expedition already entered upon.

Salvador de Andrade (Andrada) colonial American Jewish merchant, tobacconist born in the Netherlands in 1655, established a business in New Amsterdam during the 17th century.

Daniel Nunes de Costa, a Jewish merchant naturalized on Novermber 18, 1727.

Isaac de Costa, Sephardic Jewish shipping agent, merchant and slave-trader operating out of Charleston, South Carolina, in the 1700s. He appointed a Masonic Deputy Inspector General by fellow Jew Moses Michael Hayes and went on to establish the Sublime Grand Masonic Lodge of Perfection in Charleston prior to his death in 1783.

Jacob De Leon, a colonial American Jewish merchant in Charleston and Columbia, South Carolina, supported the colonial rebellion against Great Britain.

Israel De Leiben, colonial American Jewish merchant, shohet (Jewish butcher) in Philadelphia and Savannah during the 1700s, supported the colonial rebellion against Great Britain.

Abraham De Lucena, one of three Jews who on November 29, 1655, petitioned Peter Stuyvesant, the governor of New Amsterdam, for permission to trade on the Delaware River, claiming that under the act of February 15, 1655, they had received the consent of the directors of the West India Company to travel, reside, trade and enjoy the same privileges as other inhabitants. This petition was refused "for weighty reasons", but they were permitted to send two persons to the South River (subsequently named the Delaware) in order to terminate a trading expedition already entered upon.

Abraham Haim De Lucena, colonial American Jewish merchant and rabbi in New York City

Samuel De Lucena, colonial American Jewish broker operating in New York City and Philadelphia during the 1700s.

Abraham De Lyon, a Jew who had been a vineron in Portugal, sent to Georgia by the trustees of the colony to supervise the cultivation of grapes and wine-making.

Myer Derkeim, colonial American Jewish merchant and itenerant moel operating in Philadelphia, Richmond and Charleston during the 1700s.

Marcus Elcan, colonial American Jewish merchant and founder of Beth Shalom synagogue in Richmond, Virginia during the 1700s.

Benjamin Elias, colonial American Jewish merchant and Hebrew instructor at Shearith Israel synagogue in New York in the 1700s.

Eleazar Elizer, colonial American Jewish postmaster in Greenville, South Carolina; born in Newport, Rhode Island in 1761.

Isaac Elizer, colonial American Jewish shipping merchant and slave-trader operating in Charleston, South Carolina in the 1700s.

Benjamin Etting, colonial American Jewish goldsmith, merchant; reocated to Norwalk, Connecticut, after New York came under British occupation during the Revolutionary War.

Elijah Etting, colonial American Jewish merchant and Indian trader in Pennsylvania, supplied Revolutionary Army with blankets during the Revolutionary War.

Moses Etting, colonial American Jewish merchant in Easton, Pennsylvania in the 1700s.

Reuben Etting, a Jew from York, Pennsylvania, who along with his brother Solomon and their uncle, Levi Solomon, opened a bank in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1796.

Solomon Etting, colonial American Jewish merchant, Freemason and shohet (Jewish butcher) from York, Pennsylvania, who along with his brother Ruben, and their uncle, Levi Solomon, opened a bank in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1796.

Abraham Forst, colonial American Jewish merchant, shohet (Jewish butcher), Freemason in Philadelphia in the 1700s.

Benjamin Franks, colonial Jewish privateer and Jeweler, born in Barbadoes in 1649, he served crew pirates under Capt. Kidd

David Franks, American-born Jew (son of David Franks) acting as King George III's royal agent to the colony of Pennsylvania.

David Salisbury Franks, born in Philadelphia in 1740, he was the leader of the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue of Montreal in 1775. During the Revolutionary War he was appointed paymaster of the Continental Army in Quebec, afterwards relocating to Philadelphia. He served as aide-de-camp for General Benedict Arnold at Westpoint, at the time of Arnold's attempt to hand over the fort to the British. Later he was entrusted as a courier charged with delivering secret documents to Benjamin Franklin in France and John Jay in Madrid. After the Revolutionary War he was given a grant of land for his services and a position as assistant cashier for the Bank of the United States.

Henry (Naphtali) Benjamin Franks, colonial American Jewish merchant and shopkeeper in Mt. Holly, New Jersey during the 1700s.

Jacob Franks, German Jewish shipping-merchant and slave-trader who served as King George III's royal agent for provisioning the British forces in New York during the French and Indian Wars; his dealings with the crown during this period exceeded £750,000 in value.

Naphtali (Hart) Franks, colonial American Jewish shipping merchant, slave-trader, and army purveyor in New York during the 1700s.

Solomon Franco, a Sephardic Jew who arrived at Boston in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1649 as an agent for Immanuel Perada, a Jewish merchant in the Netherlands.

Joseph Frazon, shipping merchant, slave-trader and landowner in colonial Boston, Massachusetts. Resisted Cotton Mather's attempts to convert him to Christianity.

Moritz Frust, early American Jewish immigrant born in 1782, he became a coin designer/engraver for the United States Mint in Philadelphia.

Rowland Gideon, colonial American Jewish merchant in Boston, Masachusetts in the 1600s.

Samuel Goldsmith, colonial American Jewish shipping merchant and slave-trader in Richmond, Virginia, in the 1600s.

Barnard Gratz, Jewish merchant from Lancaster, Pennsylvania, who traded with Indians for land in the Illinois territory.

Michael Gratz, Jewish merchant from Lancaster, Pennsylvania, who traded with Indians for land in the Illinois territory.

Aaron Hart, colonial American Jewish merchant, army purveyor, land-owner, Freemason in Canada during the French and Indian War.

Bernard Hart, colonial American Jewish merchant, quartermaster, officer of the New York Stock Exchange.

Ephiam Hart, colonial American Jewish merchant, stock broker, land speculator, founder of Hebra Hesed Ve Emet Jewish fraternal organization, in New York and Philadelphia in the 1700s.

Ezekiel Hart, colonial American Jewish merchant, landowner, legislator, noted for his refusal to take the Christian oath of service.

Isaac Hart, colonial American Jewish merchant in New York and Newport Rhode Island, purchaser of land for Touro Synagogue.

Jacob Hart, father-in-law of Haym M. Salomon, was a Jewish merchant operating in Baltimore, Maryland, who headed a subscription of £2,000 ($10,000) loaned to Lafayette for the relief of the detachment under his command in 1781.

Joel Hart, colonial American Jewish physician, surgeon, Freemason, charter member of the New York Medical Society, U.S. consul to Britain.

Michael Hart, colonial American Jewish merchant, shohet (Jewish butcher), and landowner in Easton, Pennsylvania. Known as the "stuttering Jew", he was born in 1738 and became very rich, owning much property in the surrounding country. Michael Hart deeded to his son Jacob, on March 25, 1800, ground for a burial-place for the Jews.

Moses Hart, colonial American Jewish merchant, banker, landowner, navigator, author, and deist philosopher in Canada and New York in the 1700s.

Myer Hart (de Shira), colonial American Jewish merchant, Revolutionary War agent for British prisoners, founder of Easton, Pennsylvania, in 1750. He took the oath of allegiance to the colonial government in 1764, and became one of Easton's most wealthy citizens.

Samuel Hart, colonial American Jewish merchant, president of Shearith Israel congregation in New York City in the 1700s.

Andrew Hays, colonial American Jewish merchant in Montreal in the 1700s.

David Hays, colonial American Jewish merchant, president of Sharith Israel congregation in New York City in the 1700s.

David Hays, Jr., colonial American Jewish merchant, shopkeeper, furnished provisions to the Revolutionary Army, in New York in the 1700s.

Isaac Hays, tallow chandler, merchant in New York city in the 1700s.

Jacob Hays, colonial American Jewish merchant, one of the founding members who built the Shearith Israel Congregation synagogue in New York in the 1700s.

John Jacob Hays, colonial American Jewish merchant, Indian trader and agent, postmaster in Illinois territory.

Judah Hays, colonial American Jewish merchant, ship-owner, slave-trader, officer of Sheraith Israel Congregation in New York in the 1700s.

Michael Hays, colonial American Jewish merchant, shopkeeper, landowner, slave-holder, member of the New York state Constitutional Convention in the 1700s.

Moses Michael Hays, colonial American Jewish merchant, slave-trader, banker, and Freemason', introduced the Scottish Rite Masonic Order to America. Grand Master of Massachusetts Masonic Lodge, founder of the King David Lodge in 1769. During the colonial rebellion, Hays moved from Newport to Boston in 1776 where he opened a shipping office. In June, 1776 Hays protested the requirement that Jews sign loyalty test before the fledgling government. Founder of the Massachusetts Fire and Marine Insurance Company. In 1784 as the first depositor, Hays became a founder member of the Massachusetts Bank which became part of the still operating Bank of America.

Samuel Hays, colonial American Jewish merchant, broker, member of Mikvah Israel Congregation in Philadelphia in the 1700s.

Solomon Hays, colonial American Jewish merchant, shohet (Jewish butcher) in New York City in the 1700s.

Harmon (Menachem) Hendricks, colonial American Jewish merchant, copper monger in New York in the 1700s.

Uriah Hendricks, colonial American Jewish merchant and importer who immigrated to New York from the Netherlands in the 1750.

Jacob Henry (born Jacob Gratz), North Carolina legislator born in Philadelphia in 1776; know for his address on religious liberties.

Elias Hyneman, colonial American Jewish merchant and innkeeper in Philadelphia during the Revolutionary War.

Benjamin Isaacs, colonial American Jewish scholar in Connecticut during the 1700s, associated with Yale University.

David Isaacs, Jewish merchant in Richmond and Charlottesville, Virginia, a partner in the firm of Cohen & Isaacs. He operated a store in Charlottesville, Virginia, which supplied goods to Thomas Jefferson. Isaacs had a common-law marriage with Nancy West, a free woman of color and by her fathered a mulatto daughter, Julia Ann Isaacs, who married Eston Hemmings, the son of Thomas Jefferson's slave, Sally Hemmings.

Ralph Isaacs, colonial American Jewish merchant in New Haven, Connecticut in 1763.

Solomon Israel, colonial American Jewish distiller operating in New Haven, Connecticut in 1777.

Abraham Jacobs, colonial American Jewish distiller operating in New Haven, Connecticut in 1777.

Solomon Jacobs, colonial American Jewish legislator, Freemason, acting mayor of Richmond, Virginia, representative of Rothschilds Bank in Richmond.

Manuel Josephson, colonial American Jewish merchant in Philadelphia and New York, spokesman to George Washington for the Jewish community.

Baruch Judah, colonial American Jewish landowner, slave-holder in New York in the 1700s.

David Judah, colonial American Jewish merchant arrested for peddling in Hartford, Connecticut, on November 9, 1659.

Benjamin S. Judah, colonial American Jewish merchant, founder of the Tontine Coffee House in New York in the 1700s.

Hillel Judah, colonial American Jewish merchant and shohet (Jewish butcher) in New York and Newport, Rhode Island, in the 1700s.

Michael Judah, colonial American Jewish businessman in Norwalk and Hartford Connecticut, and New York. He left his property to the Jews of New York in his will dated 1786.

Naphtali Judah, colonial American Jewish merchant, printer, publisher, and Freemason, public defender of Judaism, member of the Shearith Israel Congregation in New York in the 1700s.

Samuel Judah, colonial American Jewish merchant, signer of the Non-Importation Agreement in Philadelphia in the 1700s.

Jean LaFitte, Jewish shipping merchant, privateer and slave-trader operatring out of New Orleans.

Elias Legarde (or Legardo), a Sephardic Jewish vigneron who arrived at Jamestown, Virginia, on the HMS Abigail in 1621, brought to Virginia by the trustees of the colony to supervise the cultivation of grapes for wine-making.

Aaron Levy, a Jewish merchant who in June 1779 bought off a Mr. Wetzel a tract in Haines township, Centre County, Pennsylvania, known as the Alexander Grant warranty. Upon this he laid out and planned the town of Aaronsburg, the town plan being recorded at Sunbury on October 4, 1786. Levy was interested with Robert Morris in the well-known speculation in lands in the western portion of the state which resulted so disastrously to the "financier of the Revolution".

Asser Levy (Van Swellem), Dutch-Jewish refugee from Recife, Brazil, who arrived in New Amsterdam in 1654 along with 23 other Jews. Levy was owned and operated a trading-post in Albany, New York, and served as the (kosher) butcher for the small Jewish community. He fought for Jewish rights in the Dutch colony and is famous for having secured the right of Jews to be admitted as Burghers and to serve guard duty for the colony.

Benjamin Levy, a Jewish merchant and trader in West Indian products, located in Baltimore, Maryland, circa 1773.

Hayman Levy, Jewish merchant and slave-trader who operated a trading post in New York where he acted as an agent for Phyn, Ellice & Co. of Schenectady, Montreal and London. Later set up a business distilling spirits in Newport Rhode Island.

Levy Andrew Levy, Jewish merchant and slave-trader in Lancaster, Pennsylvania during the 1700s, supplied smallpox infected blankets given to the Indians by the British in 1763, leading to a deadly outbreak of smallpox that devastated members of the Indian tribe.

Moses Levy, Jewish merchant and slave-trader operating out of New York and Newport, Rhode Island during the mid 1700s.

Samson Levy, a Jewish merchant living in Philadelphia, led a boycott in on October 25, 1765, against the importation of goods from England to the colonies by signing a resolution along with six other Philadelphia Jewish merchants in protest against the tax known as the Stamp Act.

Moses Lindo, a Jewish plantation owner and slave-holder who arrived in Charleston, South Carolina, from London in 1756, became actively engaged in commercial manufacturing of dye made from Indigo, making this one of the principal industries of the state. In 1762 he was appointed "Surveyor and Inspector-General of Indigo, Drugs, and Dyes."

Aaron Lopez, a Sephardic Jewish shipping merchant and slave trader, member of a cartel of whale-oil merchants and a manufacturer of spermaceti candles operating out of Newport, Rhode Island.

Nicholas Lowe, a Jew who was engaged in the business of distilling alcoholic spirits in Newport, Rhode Island in the 1700s.

Jacob Lumbrozo, a Jewish physician who arrived in Maryland on January 24, 1656, and who, in 1658, was tried for blasphemy, but was released by reason of the general amnesty granted in honor of the accession of Richard Cromwell (March 3, 1658). Letters of denization were issued to Lumbrozo September 10, 1663. Besides practising medicine, he also owned a plantation, engaged in trade with the Indians, and actively engaged in business with Jewish merchants in London.

Moses Malkhi, Jewish emmisary of the Safad community in Palestine, who visted with the Jews of the Shearith Israel Congregation of New York in 1759.

Levy Marks, colonial American Jewish merchant, tailor, member of the Mikveh Israel Congregation in Philadelphia during the 1700s; supported the colonial rebellion against Great Britain.

Michael Marks, colonial American Jewish merchant, importer, ship owner in Philadelphia in the 1700s.

Isaac Rodriguez Marques, colonial American Jewish merchant in New York in the 1600s.

Abraham A. Massias, American Jewish Freemason, army major and paymaster, born in Charleston, South Carolina in 1772.

Isaiah Mesa (also spelled "Masa" and "Mara"), "a Jew", is mentioned in the annals of Jacquet's administration as a participant in several lawsuits in Pennsylvania, in 1657.

Benjamin Bueno de Mesquita, colonial American Jewish merchant, Jamaican slave trader; at the time of his death in 1683, he was the first Jew to be buried in New York's Chatham Square cemetery.

Joseph Bueno de Mesquita, colonial American Jewish shipping merchant, West Indian slave-trader; he purchased the land that New York's Shearith Israel cemetery is located on before his own death in 1708.

Moses Michaels, colonial American Jewish shipping merchant and slave trader operating between New York, Boston and Curacao in the early 1700s.

Abigail Minis, colonial American Jewess merchant in Savannah, Georgia, in the 1700s.

Philip (Uri) Minis, a Jew, was the first child of a colonist born in the colony of Georgia, on July 11, 1734.

Philip Minis, colonial American Jewish commissary general and paymaster during the Revolutionary War, president of the Mikve Israel Congregation in Savannah, Georgia, during the 1700s.

Isaac Miranda, a Jew appointed in 1727 to act as an "agent to receive and collect the perquisites and rights of Admiralty" in Philadelphia and on June 19, 1727, he was appointed "deputy judge of the Court of Vice-Admiralty" - the first judicial office held by a Jew in the provinces. He was a large holder of land in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and his name is frequently mentioned in the archives of the colony. In 1730 (or 1720), the Indians of Lancaster made a complaint that he had acted unfairly toward them.

Abraham Moise, colonial American Jewish merchant, shopkeeper, slave-trader and auctioneer in Charleston, South Carolina, in the 1700s.

Judah Monis, North America's first college instructor of the Hebrew language, teaching at Harvard College from 1722 to 1760, and authored the first Hebrew textbook published in North America. Monis was also the first Jew to receive a college degree in the American colonies.

Isaac Monsanto, a Sephardic Jewish merchant plantation-owner and slave-trader in Louisianna during the 1700s.

Abraham Mordecai, colonial American Jewish merchant, Indian-trader, from Pennsylvania who settled in what is now Montgomery, Alabama, by 1785. Operated the first cotton gin in Alabama.

Jacob Mordecai, colonial American Jewish merchant, plantation-owner and slave-holder who had worked as a clerk under David Franks, the Jewish quartermaster to General George Washington, who supplied the Continental Army. After the war, Mordecai moved to Warrenton, North Carolina, where he became a tobacco merchant After his wife Judith died in childbirth, he remarried, to Judith's younger half-sister, Rebecca Myers, and opened the Warrenton Female Academy. Mordecai later sold the school and moved his family to Richmond, Virginia, where he purchased a plantation and slaves and became president of Beth Shalome Congregation.

Mordecai Mordicai, colonial Ameican Jewish merchant and distiller in Philadelphia, Pittsburg, Easton, Pennsylvania, and Richmond, Virginia, in the 1700s.

Samuel Mordecai, early American Jewish merchant and author in Richmond, Virginia.

Isaac Moses, colonial American Jewish merchant and broker in Boston and New York, a founder of the Bank of New York, supported the colonial rebellion against Great Britain; first president of Mikveh Israel Congregation in Philadelphia in the 1700s.

Meyer Moses, colonial American Jewish merchant in Charleston, South Carolina in the 1700s, supported the colonial rebellion against Great Britain.

Solomon Moses, early American Jewish merchant in New York City in the 1700s.

John Moss, early American Jewish merchant and Freemason in Philadelphia in the 1700s.

Benjamin Myers, colonial American Jewish merchant in New York, Baltimore, Richmond and Nashville, Tennessee.

Jacob Myers, took the southeast corner of Gay and Baltimore streets and built an inn in Baltimore, Maryland in 1758.

John Myers, early American Jewish merchant, customs collector in Norfolk, Virginia.

Mordecai Myers, colonial American Jewish merchant, first postmaster of Georgetown, South Carolina, in the 1700s.

Mordecai Myers, early American Jewish legislator, Freemason, mayor of Schenectady, New York.

Moses Myers, early American Jewish banker and shipping-merchant in Norfolk, Virginia, operating a fleet of five vessels for his import-export business. In 1795 he was elected president of the Norfolk city council and in 1804 was commissioned colonel of a regiment of Virginia volunteers. He was appointed vice-consul for both Denmark and the Netherlands at Norfolk and in 1828, President John Quincy Adams appointed him collector of customs for the port of Norfolk.

Moses Myers, early American Jewish lawyer, court clerk in Georgetown, South Carolina.

Myer Myers, colonial American Jewish silversmith, merchant, Freemason in New York City in the 1700s supported the colonial rebellion against Great Britain.

Naphtal Hart Myers, colonial American Jewish merchant operating in New York, Newport, Philadelphia and Easton Pennsylvania, in the 1700s.

Samuel Myers, colonial American Jewish merchant and tobacco dealer in Richmond, Virginia in the 1700s.

Benjamin Nones, colonial American Jewish merchant, broker, politician, government interpreter, supported the colonial rebellion against Great Britain, noted for his political defense of his Jewishness. Lived in Philadelphia in the 1700s.

Moses Nunes, colonial American Jewish merchant, landowner, customs officer, Freemason, government interpreter to Indians. Lived in Savannah, Georgia in the 1700s.

Samuel Nunes, colonial American Jewish physician, landowner in Savannah, Georgia, in the 1700s.

Joseph Solomon Ottolenghe, an Italian Jew sent to Georgia in 1733 by the trustees of the colony as a superintendent of the silk industry there. Later served as a tax collector and as a member of the Georgia Assembly colonial legislature.

Benjamin Mendez Pacheco, colonial American Jewish merchant in New York in the early 1700s.

Joseph Palacios, colonial American Jewish landowner, slave-holder, and merchant operating in Louisianna, Mobile and Charleston in the 1700s.

Moses Levy Maduro Peixotto, early American Jewish merchant, Freemason and rabbi in New York city's Shearith Israel synagogue, born in 1763.

Jacob Philadelphia (born Jacob Meyer), colonial American Jewish astrologer, alchemist, occultist, necromancer, stage magician, Rosicrucian member, author of "Little Treatise on Strange and Suitable Feats" published in 1774.

Aaron Phillips, early American Jewish actor, playwright, born in 1778, manager of Philadelphia's Arch Street Theatre.

Jonas Phillips, (born Jonah Feibush), colonial American Jewish merchant, slave-trader, shohet (Jewish butcher), Freemason in New York in the 1700s. Signer of the Non-Importation Agreement, supported the colonial rebellion against Great Britain, enlisting in the Philadelphia militia in 1778. By the year 1782 was the second wealthiest Jew in the city.

Naphtali Moses Taylor Phillips, early American Jewish journalist, politician, owner of New York's "National Advocate" newspaper, born in 1773, lived in New York and Phladelphia.

Solomon Pietersen, a Dutch-Jewish merchant from Amsterdam who arrived in New Amsterdam as a refugee from Recife, Brazil, in 1654.

Abraham Pinto, colonial American Jewish merchant in New Haven, Connecticut, supported the colonial rebellion against Great Britain.

Jacob Pinto, colonial American Jewish broker and merchant in New Haven, Connecticut, supported the colonial rebellion against Great Britain.

Joseph Jeshurun Pinto, colonial American Jewish rabbi, hazan of Sherith Israel Congregation in New York City in the 1700s.

Solomon Pinto, colonial American Jewish merchant and warehouse owner in New Haven, Connecticut, supported the colonial rebellion against Great Britain.

Isaac Pinto, colonial American Jewish wine merchant, signer of the Non-Importation Agreement, operated in New York, Norwalk, Connecticut, Charleston, South Carolina in th 1700s.

Cushman Polock, colonial American Jewish merchant, financier, supported the colonial rebellion against Great Britain; operated in Philadelphia and Savannah in the 1700s.

Isaac Polock, early American Jewish real estate developer and businessman. First Jewish resident to locate in Washington, D.C., also active in Savannah, Georgia, born in 1765.

Myer Polonies, colonial American Jewish merchant in New York in the 1700s, member of the Shearith Israel Congregation, principle benefactor of the New York Hebrew school that bears his name.

Michael Prager, colonial American Jewish merchant, broker, founder of the Insurance Company of North America in Philadelphia in the 1700s.

Abraham Rodrigues Rivera, colonial American Jewish merchant, ship-owner, slave-trader, active in New York and Newport, Rhode Island, died in 1765.

Jacob Rodrigues Rivera, colonial American Jewish whale-oil merchant, candle-manufacturer, ship-owner and slave-trader; supported the colonial rebellion against Great Britain, died in Newpot, Rhode Island in 1789.

Philip Moses Russell, colonial American Jewish founder of Mikveh Israel Congregation in Philadelphia, surgeon's assistant, supported the colonial rebellion against Great Britain.

Ezekiel Salomon, early American banker, cashier in New Orleans, born in Philadelphia in 1778.

Haym Salomon, colonial American Jewish merchant, broker for slave-traders and overseas merchants, financier, Freemason, supported the colonial rebellion against Great Britain; bankrolled the American army $20,000 to continue fighting the revolution. On December 23, 1783, Salomon was among a number of Jews who protested to have the Pennsylvania Council of Censors remove the religious test oath requiring each member of the Assembly to affirm his belief in the divine inspiration of the New Testament, saying: "I am a Jew; it is my own nation; I do not despair that we shall obtain every other privilege that we aspire to enjoy along with our fellow-citizens." The law was subsequently changed, and all civil restrictions against the Jews were removed.

Francis Salvador, colonial American Jewish plantation owner, slave-holder in South Carolina, nephew of Joseph Salvador; first Jew elected to public office as a member of the Provincial Congress in 1774. Supported the colonial rebellion against Great Britain, first Jew killed in the rebellion. Received an inheritance of £60,000, engaged in business with his uncle Joseph wealthy DaCosta relatives in London.

Joseph Salvador, colonial American Jewish merchant, landowner, member of the Royal Society, director of the British East India Company, purchased 100,000 acres of land near Fort Ninety-six for £2,000. Twenty years later Salvador sold 60,000 acres of land for £3,000 to thirteen London Sephardic Jews. This land was known as the "Jews' Lands" purchased as part of a plan to settle Jews and their family members in the New World.

Abraham Mendes Seixas, colonial American Jewish merchant in New York,Philadelphia and Charleston; supporter of the colonial rebellion against Great Britain.

Benjamin Mendes Seixas, colonial American Jewish merchant, one of the founders of the New York Stock Exchange.

Gershom Mendes Seixas, colonial American Jewish clergyman. First rabbi born in North America, parnas (president) of New York's Shearith Israel Congregation, founder of Hebra Hased Ve Amet Hebrew school, trustee of Columbia College, supporter of the colonial rebellion against Great Britain.

Isaac Mendes Seixas, colonial American Jewish merchant in New York in the 1600s.

Moses Mendes Seixas, colonial American Jewish merchant, broker, served as parnas (president) of Newport Rhode Island's Touro Synagogue, was a founding member of the nation's oldest Jewish Masonic Lodge (King David in Newport) and Grand Master of the Masonic Order of Rhode Island. In 1795 Moses Seixas organized the Newport Bank of Rhode Island and served as its first cashier until his death in 1809.

Benjamin Sheftall, colonial American Jewish settler, merchant, landowner, founding member of the Hebrew Union Society and Mikveh Israel Congregation in Savannah, Georgia.

Levi Sheftall, colonial American Jewish merchant, landowner, cattleman, shohet (Jewish butcher), supporter of the colonial rebellion against Great Britain.

Mordecai Sheftall, colonial American Jewish merchant, plantation-owner, slave-holder, cattleman, Freemason in Savannah, Georgia. In 1768 the Georgia Houses of Assembly appointed him Inspector of Tanned Leather for the Port of Savannah. He was a leading protestor against the Stamp Act and a member of the Savannah Parochial Committee which called for colonial rebellion against Great Britain. During the Revolutionary War, Sheftall was appointed Commissary General of Purchases and Issues to the Georgia militia in 1777.

Moses Sheftall, colonial American Jewish physician, alderman, port warden, legislator, judge, Freemason in Savannah, Georgia; founder of the Georgia Medical Society.

Sheftall Sheftall, colonial American Jewish merchant, attorney, in Savannah and Charleston, supporter of the colonial rebellion against Great Britain, supplier of goods to the American army.

Joseph Simon, colonial American Jewish Indian-trader, land speculator and distiller and merchant in Pennsylvania in the 1700s. Supplied goods to the army during the French and Indian War. Purchased land from Indians in Illinois territory.

Abraham Simons, colonial American Jewish merchant and Georgia legislator, supported the colonial rebellion against Great Britain, member of the Augusta Jockey Club.

Joseph Simson, colonial American Jewish merchant, Hebrew scholar, officer of Shearith Israel Congregation of New York.

Nathan Simson, colonial American Jewish merchant, ship-owner, slave-trader in New York in the 1700s.

Sampson Simson, Sr., colonial American Jewish merchant, ship-owner, slave-trader, founding m,ember of the Chamber of Commerce in New York during the 1700s.

Solomon Joseph Simson, colonial American Jewish merchant, businessman, Freemason, founding member of the Chamber of Commerce in New York in the 1700s.

Ezekiel Solomon, colonial American Jewish merchant and Indian-trader in Montreal, Canada, and Mackinaw, Michigan. Captured by Indians during the Pontiac uprising, aided the British army.

Levi Solomon, a Jew from York, Pennsylvania, who opened a bank in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1796.

Levi Solomons, colonial American Jewish merchant, Indian trader in Albany, New York, Montreal, Canada and Michigan. Prosecuted by the British for supplying goods to the American army during the colonial rebellion.

Joseph Tobias, colonial American Jewish settler, Spanish language interpreter, founding member and parnas (president) of Beth Elohim synagogue in Charleston, South Carolina, in the 1700s.

Isaac Touro. colonial American Jewish merchant, slave-trader, rabbi in Newport, Rhode Island, in the 1700s.

Simon Valentine, one of four Jews who applied for citizenship in South Carolina in 1697, he became the first documented Jewish landowner in South Carolina, which entitled him to vote. In 1703 a protest was raised against "Jew strangers" voting in an election for members of the Assembly.

tldr


Fuck You!

#27 2022-09-22 06:14:52

.
Dust in the wind.

Re: SG’s ideas about Jews and the transatlantic slave trade to America

Southern Gentry wrote:

Those aren't gentile names on those advertisements for slave auctuions.

"One hundred and twenty-five RICE FIELD NEGROS" for sale by (((Jacob Cohen))):

https://i.imgur.com/QAcCQ9I.png

The fact that Cohen and several other Jews were slave traders does not support the notion that Jews generally were responsible for the transatlantic slave trade. There would no doubt be many slave auction ads from the era with White European names - but you and the creators of these meme images ignore all that and only present obviously Jewish ones.

You employ the standard techniques that those who seek to distort truth always use: selective quotation, selective sourcing, and ignoring of contradictory information that doesn’t support your agenda.

That’s what the NoI did in their 2 discredited books, too. And multiple credible sources on the web have analysed the subject objectively and reached the same conclusion: that Jews were involved in slavery to the same degree as Whites of the era.

#28 2022-09-22 07:33:48

Southern Gentry
Official Arbiter of F4 Policy
Registered: 2022-01-04
Posts: 1,488,932

Re: SG’s ideas about Jews and the transatlantic slave trade to America

. wrote:
Southern Gentry wrote:

Those aren't gentile names on those advertisements for slave auctuions.

"One hundred and twenty-five RICE FIELD NEGROS" for sale by (((Jacob Cohen))):

https://i.imgur.com/QAcCQ9I.png

The fact that Cohen and several other Jews were slave traders does not support the notion that Jews generally were responsible for the transatlantic slave trade. There would no doubt be many slave auction ads from the era with White European names - but you and the creators of these meme images ignore all that and only present obviously Jewish ones.

You employ the standard techniques that those who seek to distort truth always use: selective quotation, selective sourcing, and ignoring of contradictory information that doesn’t support your agenda.

That’s what the NoI did in their 2 discredited books, too. And multiple credible sources on the web have analysed the subject objectively and reached the same conclusion: that Jews were involved in slavery to the same degree as Whites of the era.

Jewish wealth was built on slavery.

#29 2022-09-22 08:40:10

.
Dust in the wind.

Re: SG’s ideas about Jews and the transatlantic slave trade to America

Southern Gentry wrote:
. wrote:
Southern Gentry wrote:

Those aren't gentile names on those advertisements for slave auctuions.

"One hundred and twenty-five RICE FIELD NEGROS" for sale by (((Jacob Cohen))):

https://i.imgur.com/QAcCQ9I.png

The fact that Cohen and several other Jews were slave traders does not support the notion that Jews generally were responsible for the transatlantic slave trade. There would no doubt be many slave auction ads from the era with White European names - but you and the creators of these meme images ignore all that and only present obviously Jewish ones.

You employ the standard techniques that those who seek to distort truth always use: selective quotation, selective sourcing, and ignoring of contradictory information that doesn’t support your agenda.

That’s what the NoI did in their 2 discredited books, too. And multiple credible sources on the web have analysed the subject objectively and reached the same conclusion: that Jews were involved in slavery to the same degree as Whites of the era.

Jewish wealth was built on slavery.

That general statement regarding all Jews is in no way supported by the presented evidence that Cohen & others made money from slavery.

#30 2022-09-22 09:43:54

Southern Gentry
Official Arbiter of F4 Policy
Registered: 2022-01-04
Posts: 1,488,932

Re: SG’s ideas about Jews and the transatlantic slave trade to America

. wrote:
Southern Gentry wrote:
. wrote:

The fact that Cohen and several other Jews were slave traders does not support the notion that Jews generally were responsible for the transatlantic slave trade. There would no doubt be many slave auction ads from the era with White European names - but you and the creators of these meme images ignore all that and only present obviously Jewish ones.

You employ the standard techniques that those who seek to distort truth always use: selective quotation, selective sourcing, and ignoring of contradictory information that doesn’t support your agenda.

That’s what the NoI did in their 2 discredited books, too. And multiple credible sources on the web have analysed the subject objectively and reached the same conclusion: that Jews were involved in slavery to the same degree as Whites of the era.

Jewish wealth was built on slavery.

That general statement regarding all Jews is in no way supported by the presented evidence that Cohen & others made money from slavery.

All Jews are related, so every Jew in America was related to some Jew who made money off the slave trade.

https://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/10/science/10jews.html

The shared genetic elements suggest that members of any Jewish community are related to one another as closely as are fourth or fifth cousins in a large population, which is about 10 times higher than the relationship between two people chosen at random off the streets of New York City, Dr. Atzmon said.

#31 2022-09-22 09:56:20

.
Dust in the wind.

Re: SG’s ideas about Jews and the transatlantic slave trade to America

Jews don't like the unflattering truth.

See how they fight against the painful facts. lol

#32 2022-09-22 09:58:31

.
Dust in the wind.

Re: SG’s ideas about Jews and the transatlantic slave trade to America

IT WAS ALL EVIL YT'S FAULT! JEWS MUST ALWAYS BE SEEN AS VICTIIIIIIIIMS!!!!
\
crybaby2

snicker

#33 2022-09-22 10:02:26

.
Dust in the wind.

Re: SG’s ideas about Jews and the transatlantic slave trade to America

Southern Gentry wrote:
. wrote:
Southern Gentry wrote:

Jewish wealth was built on slavery.

That general statement regarding all Jews is in no way supported by the presented evidence that Cohen & others made money from slavery.

All Jews are related, so every Jew in America was related to some Jew who made money off the slave trade.

https://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/10/science/10jews.html

The shared genetic elements suggest that members of any Jewish community are related to one another as closely as are fourth or fifth cousins in a large population, which is about 10 times higher than the relationship between two people chosen at random off the streets of New York City, Dr. Atzmon said.

These genetic links do not imply shared responsibility across all Jews for the participation in slavery during the past of a few. Responsibility for historical actions is not hereditary, in the same way that modern day Whites cannot be held responsible for the colonial deeds of their ancestors.

#34 2022-09-22 10:13:34

Southern Gentry
Official Arbiter of F4 Policy
Registered: 2022-01-04
Posts: 1,488,932

Re: SG’s ideas about Jews and the transatlantic slave trade to America

Reposted due to Newskike deleting it because of his Jewish butthurt:

https://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/10/science/10jews.html

Studies Show Jews’ Genetic Similarity

Jewish communities in Europe and the Middle East share many genes inherited from the ancestral Jewish population that lived in the Middle East some 3,000 years ago, even though each community also carries genes from other sources — usually the country in which it lives.

That is the conclusion of two new genetic surveys, the first to use genome-wide scanning devices to compare many Jewish communities around the world.

A major surprise from both surveys is the genetic closeness of the two Jewish communities of Europe, the Ashkenazim and the Sephardim. The Ashkenazim thrived in Northern and Eastern Europe until their devastation by the Hitler regime, and now live mostly in the United States and Israel. The Sephardim were exiled from Spain in 1492 and from Portugal in 1497 and moved to the Ottoman Empire, North Africa and the Netherlands.

The two genome surveys extend earlier studies based just on the Y chromosome, the genetic element carried by all men. They refute the suggestion made last year by the historian Shlomo Sand in his book “The Invention of the Jewish People” that Jews have no common origin but are a miscellany of people in Europe and Central Asia who converted to Judaism at various times.

Jewish communities from Europe, the Middle East and the Caucasus all have substantial genetic ancestry that traces back to the Levant; Ethiopian Jews and two Judaic communities in India are genetically much closer to their host populations.

The surveys provide rich data about genetic ancestry that is of great interest to historians. “I’m constantly impressed by the manner in which the geneticists keep moving ahead with new projects and illuminating what we know of history,” said Lawrence H. Schiffman, a professor of Judaic studies at New York University.

One of the surveys was conducted by Gil Atzmon of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Harry Ostrer of New York University and appears in the current American Journal of Human Genetics. The other, led by Doron M. Behar of the Rambam Health Care Campus in Haifa and Richard Villems of the University of Tartu in Estonia, is published in Thursday’s edition of Nature.

Dr. Atzmon and Dr. Ostrer have developed a way of timing demographic events from the genetic elements shared by different Jewish communities. Their calculations show that Iraqi and Iranian Jews separated from other Jewish communities about 2,500 years ago. This genetic finding presumably reflects a historical event, the destruction of the First Temple at Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar in 587 B.C. and the exile of many Jews there to his capital at Babylon.

The shared genetic elements suggest that members of any Jewish community are related to one another as closely as are fourth or fifth cousins in a large population, which is about 10 times higher than the relationship between two people chosen at random off the streets of New York City, Dr. Atzmon said.

Ashkenazic and Sephardic Jews have roughly 30 percent European ancestry, with most of the rest from the Middle East, the two surveys find. The two communities seem very similar to each other genetically, which is unexpected because they have been separated for so long.

One explanation is that they come from the same Jewish source population in Europe. The Atzmon-Ostrer team found that the genomic signature of Ashkenazim and Sephardim was very similar to that of Italian Jews, suggesting that an ancient population in northern Italy of Jews intermarried with Italians could have been the common origin. The Ashkenazim first appear in Northern Europe around A.D. 800, but historians suspect that they arrived there from Italy.

Another explanation, which may be complementary to the first, is that there was far more interchange and intermarriage than expected between the two communities in medieval times.

The genetics confirms a trend noticed by historians: that there was more contact between Ashkenazim and Sephardim than suspected, with Italy as the linchpin of interchange, said Aron Rodrigue, a Stanford University historian.

A common surname among Italian Jews is Morpurgo, meaning someone from Marburg in Germany. Also, Dr. Rodrigue said, one of the most common names among the Sephardim who settled in the Ottoman Empire is Eskenazi, indicating that many Ashkenazim had joined the Sephardic community there.

The two genetic surveys indicate “that there may be common origins shared by the two groups, but also that there were extensive contacts and settlements,” Dr. Rodrigue said.

Hebrew could have served as the lingua franca between the Ashkenazic community, speaking Yiddish, and the Ladino-speaking Sephardim. “When Jews met each other, they spoke Hebrew,” Dr. Schiffman said, referring to the medieval period.

P8vgubM.jpg

bFF670c.jpg

bESBmKH.jpg

#35 2022-09-22 10:14:17

Dr Arkham
Member
From: Ubiquity
Registered: 2022-01-05
Posts: 5,440

Re: SG’s ideas about Jews and the transatlantic slave trade to America

. wrote:

in the same way that modern day Whites cannot be held responsible for the colonial deeds of their ancestors.

Oh, now generational guilt is unreasonable. laugh

So then...no reparations for niggers? peewee

#36 2022-09-22 10:20:48

Southern Gentry
Official Arbiter of F4 Policy
Registered: 2022-01-04
Posts: 1,488,932

Re: SG’s ideas about Jews and the transatlantic slave trade to America

Dr Arkham wrote:
. wrote:

in the same way that modern day Whites cannot be held responsible for the colonial deeds of their ancestors.

Oh, now generational guilt is unreasonable. laugh

So then...no reparations for niggers? peewee

African-Americans are, on average, 25% European in terms of genetic ancestry, meaning that the average American nigger is descended from a slave-owner.

#37 2022-09-22 10:24:42

.
Dust in the wind.

Re: SG’s ideas about Jews and the transatlantic slave trade to America

Dr Arkham wrote:
. wrote:

in the same way that modern day Whites cannot be held responsible for the colonial deeds of their ancestors.

Oh, now generational guilt is unreasonable. laugh

So then...no reparations for niggers? peewee

I’ve never advocated in favour of financial reparations for historical deeds, and see no strong basis for their validity.

#38 2022-09-22 10:42:14

Diesel_Dawg
FUCK YOU!
Registered: 2022-01-07
Posts: 3,029

Re: SG’s ideas about Jews and the transatlantic slave trade to America

Southern Gentry wrote:
Dr Arkham wrote:
. wrote:

in the same way that modern day Whites cannot be held responsible for the colonial deeds of their ancestors.

Oh, now generational guilt is unreasonable. laugh

So then...no reparations for niggers? peewee

African-Americans are, on average, 25% European in terms of genetic ancestry, meaning that the average American nigger is descended from a slave-owner.

This means I have black relatives.


Fuck You!

#39 2022-09-22 20:55:31

Diesel_Dawg
FUCK YOU!
Registered: 2022-01-07
Posts: 3,029

Re: SG’s ideas about Jews and the transatlantic slave trade to America

Diesel_Dawg wrote:
Southern Gentry wrote:
Dr Arkham wrote:

Oh, now generational guilt is unreasonable. laugh

So then...no reparations for niggers? peewee

African-Americans are, on average, 25% European in terms of genetic ancestry, meaning that the average American nigger is descended from a slave-owner.

This means I have black relatives.

Keep it up, pedo  The Toad has been taken down. You're next.


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